Diet Guidance for Renal Failure Patient
Time: 2019-12-19 21:31, Tags:
Chronic renal failure is characterized by retention of metabolic wastes and toxins, disturbed water, electrolyte and acid-base as well as endocrine dyscrasia with the progressive and irreversible loss of kidney functional units.
The common discomforts and symptoms are metabolic acidosis, water metabolic disorder, hyponatremia, hypokalaemia, hyperkalaemia, low serum calcium and high serum phosphorus, etc.
What we eat will have a great impact on these metabolic disorders and electrolyte imbalances. Proper diets can not only provide necessary nutritions to the body but also can help reduce burdens to the kidneys, slow down and prevent further deterioration of illness condition and has certain relation to the prognosis of renal failure.
The general diet principle for renal failure are three highs, four lows and two propers.
Three highs: high calcium, high essential amino acids and high carbohydrates
Four lows: low salt, low potassium, low phosphorus, low fat
Two propers: proper vitamins and proper trace elements
And for each patient, what he should eat should take into several factors
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