What Is Diabetes
Time: 2020-01-04 09:52, Tags: Diabetes
Diabetes refers to a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal range. When your body fails to make or effectively use its insulin, a hormone made by special cells in the pancreas called islets, diabetes occurs. Insulin is very important in the process of opening your cells, which allows the glucose from the food to come in, in which way, your body can transform the sugar into energy.
Commonly, we talk about diabetes, it refers to Type 1 and Type 2, but actually, there are other types, for example gestational diabetes, which happens during pregnancy, as well as other forms.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. About 1/10 of people have diabetes type 1 which usually develops in children and teenagers. But we should know actually all ages can develop type 1 diabetes. Patients with type 1 diabetes, whose immune system assault the insulin-generating islet cells in the pancreas. Therefore, the islet cells sense glucose in the blood and produce the right amount of insulin to normalize blood sugars.
When the insulin-generating cells are damaged, a people can not produce their own insulin any more. As a result, there is no key to open your cells and sugar builds up in the blood and the body cells feel hungry. Without a good control, high blood sugar level will damage other organs, such as kidneys, heart, eyes, nerve etc.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1, which is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can develop at any age. But, it happens more often in middle-aged and older people.
People with type 2 diabetes are able to produce some of their own insulin, but not enough. And sometimes, the insulin will try to serve as the “key” to open the body’s cells, to allow the glucose to enter. But the key fails to work. This is called insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes is very common to occur in people who are overweight with a sedentary lifestyle.
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